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Exercise Prescription and Physiotherapy
Shop 7, 266-274 Burwood Rd
Burwood NSW 2134
Tel: (02) 9745 4259

Muscular injuries

In athletes and sports enthusiasts, muscular injuries may stem from a direct blow or trauma (contusion injury), sudden forceful movement or from overuse. Muscular injuries occur most frequently through forceful contracting of the muscle while stretching it. In a contusion injury, the muscle is impacted externally (e.g. contact sports). Overuse injuries occur as a result of exercising the same muscles repeatedly and subjecting them to strain. Muscular injuries can be a tear in the fascia (sheath of connective tissue beneath the skin) or the muscle fibres, or the muscle may rupture completely.

Signs and symptoms of muscular injuries include:

  • Pain with contraction
  • Pain with stretching
  • Bruising
  • Swelling

Causes of muscular injuries may be:

  • Inadequate warm up/cool down with exercise
  • Insufficient muscle flexibility
  • Poor conditioning
  • Poor technique
  • Returning to sport too soon after injury

Rehabilitation of muscular injuries

  • RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) along with anti-inflammatory medications during the initial stages
  • Immobilisation of the injured part for a short period (about 4 days) to allow healing
  • Use of crutches or other mobility device to avoid weight bearing on the affected extremity
  • Begins with passive range of motion to promote mobility, and static exercises (contracting the muscle without movement)
  • Low-impact aquatic exercises in the early stages are helpful
  • Gradual resistive exercise as tolerated to strengthen and condition the muscle
  • Electrical stimulation to promote muscle contraction, if necessary

In more severe injuries, the muscle may not respond to treatment and surgery may be necessary. However, physiotherapy is generally successful and you can return to sports in 2 to 3 months. We will educate you in ways to prevent future injury through a thorough conditioning program that involves stretching and strengthening exercises, warm up and cool down stretches and even proper hydration and nutrition.

Call us to make an appointment:
(02) 9745 4259
Or click to use our online appointment request form.
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Disclaimer:
We do not warrant or represent that the information in this site is free from errors or omissions or is suitable for your intended use. We recommend that you seek individual advice before acting on any information in this site. We have made every effort to ensure that the information on our website is correct at the time of publication but recommend that you exercise your own skill and care with respect to its use. If you wish to purchase our services, please do not rely solely on the information in this website.
Disclaimer:
We do not warrant or represent that the information in this site is free from errors or omissions or is suitable for your intended use. We recommend that you seek individual advice before acting on any information in this site. We have made every effort to ensure that the information on our website is correct at the time of publication but recommend that you exercise your own skill and care with respect to its use. If you wish to purchase our services, please do not rely solely on the information in this website.

Printed from http://exercisephysio.com.au/phy/common-injuries/muscular-injuries

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